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Usage-based Insurance (UBI) Program Challenges

Usage-based insurance (UBI) programs can come with a variety of obstacles, including concerns about data accuracy and collect

Usage-based insurance is an increasingly popular type of motor insurance that tracks the driving behavior of policyholders in order to determine their premium rate. UBI programs are designed to reward policyholders for safe driving and can provide policyholders with more personalized and cost-effective coverage options.

While UBI programs have the potential to be beneficial, they can also present a number of potential challenges. This blog will explore the various challenges associated with UBI programs and offer recommendations on how insurers can overcome these obstacles.

Usage-based insurance

UBI programs have become increasingly popular in recent years, with many insurers offering various types of UBI products, ranging from pay-as-you-drive and pay-how-you-drive programs to more advanced usage-based insurance programs. The global Usage-Based Insurance Market size was valued at USD 19.6 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 66.8 billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 27.7% during the forecast period.

While these products can offer policyholders more personalized and cost-effective coverage options, they can also present a number of potential challenges for insurers. These challenges include data accuracy and collection concerns, user adoption and engagement issues, and pricing and profitability problems.

Challenges with usage-based insurance


One of the key challenges associated with UBI programs is regulation. As UBI programs become increasingly popular and more advanced, they must comply with a variety of regulations and insurance laws.

In particular, insurers must ensure that their UBI products are compliant with state privacy laws regarding data collection and use. Additionally, many states have enacted legislation to ensure that policyholders are not unfairly penalized or discriminated against by UBI programs. Insurers need to be aware of these rules in order to remain compliant with the regulations. Insurers must also ensure that their UBI products are compliant with any applicable consumer protection laws and other relevant industry standards.

Risk Management

UBI programs are based on data collected from customers’ driving behavior and usage patterns, which can vary significantly from person to person. As such, insurers must find an appropriate way to accurately assess the risk associated with each customer before offering coverage at competitive rates.

Moreover, since UBI relies heavily on technology, there is the potential for errors or issues that could lead to incorrect pricing and misjudgment of risk. Insurers must have robust systems in place to prevent these types of problems while ensuring that customers receive fair treatment throughout the entire process. It is important for insurers to inspect their algorithms regularly as well as audit their processes in order to maintain accurate and reliable data collection methods over time.

Privacy & Customer Perception

In addition to the risk management aspect of UBI, insurers must also consider privacy and customer perception when it comes to their usage-based insurance program. As customers’ data is being collected, insurers need to make sure that they are transparent about how this information is going to be used in order for customers to feel comfortable with the product. Customers should also be notified of any potential risks or consequences associated with providing personal driving information.

Insurers must also ensure that their UBI products meet the standards of data privacy and security regulations. This means that insurers must take measures to keep customer information safe from potential hackers or cybercriminals, as well as ensure that customers consent to their data being collected and used for pricing purposes. By taking these steps, insurers can help improve customer trust in UBI programs while maintaining a secure environment.

Cost of Technology

The cost of implementing a usage-based insurance (UBI) program can be significant, as it requires the purchase and maintenance of technology such as GPS tracking devices and mobile apps. These costs can vary depending on the size of the program and its scope, but they may include expenses for hardware, software development, installation, data storage services, customer support staff training, and more.

Also, the cost of updating and maintaining the technology can be high, particularly if the program requires regular updates or changes. This can include costs for bug fixes, software upgrades, hardware replacements, customer service staff training, and more.

Data Accuracy & Collection

UBI programs rely heavily on the accuracy and reliability of the data collected from the policyholder’s vehicle. Inaccurate data can lead to inaccurate premiums, which can result in lost revenue for the insurer. Additionally, UBI programs also present a potential risk to the policyholder’s privacy, as the data collected can reveal personal information about the policyholder.

To address these obstacles, insurers must ensure that the data collection processes are accurate and secure. This means that they must be able to collect real-time data from the policyholder’s vehicle, as well as use encryption methods to protect the collected data from unauthorized access.

Adoption & User Engagement

For UBI programs to be successful, users must actively participate in the program and provide feedback. This is especially true for those that require users to install a device into their vehicle - such devices will only collect data if they are properly installed and maintained. Moreover, effective user engagement also involves understanding customer needs, providing appropriate incentives and rewards (such as discounts or cash back), creating an easy-to-use platform with helpful visualizations of data, and responding promptly to any inquiries from customers.

If these steps are not taken seriously by insurers, it can lead to lower levels of adoption as well as decreased customer satisfaction due to a lack of personalization. Therefore, it is important for insurers to prioritize user engagement when launching UBI programs in order for them to be successful.


UBI programs provide a unique, personalized insurance experience for customers, but they also present an increased risk of fraud. Fraudsters can manipulate driving data in order to obtain lower insurance premiums or avoid having to pay higher premiums due to their own risky driving behaviors. UBI programs are particularly vulnerable to this type of abuse since the data used is based on actual usage rather than estimated usage.

As such, special measures must be taken to ensure that users’ data is accurate and secure from fraudulent activities. Insurance providers should implement robust security protocols and verification procedures, as well as utilize advanced technology solutions like telematics devices and machine learning algorithms to detect any suspicious behavior or patterns. Additionally, insurers should educate their customers on the importance of keeping their UBI program accounts secure so that they understand how vital it is for everyone involved in these types of programs.

Usage-based insurance is transformative

Usage-based insurance (UBI) programs can come with a variety of obstacles, including concerns about data accuracy and collection, user adoption, and pricing. To address these issues, insurers must invest in reliable technology and create user-friendly programs that are easy to comprehend and interact with. They should also collaborate with policyholders to guarantee data accuracy, safeguard customer privacy, and offer competitive rates. By doing so, they can guarantee the success and profitability of their UBI programs.

If you’re a current or prospective insurer who is interested in learning more about usage-based insurance, contact us at Inaza to get started.

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